Nairobi, Kenya


Frequently Asked Questions About Cancer

Cancer is a disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. Or it’s a malignant growth or tumour resulting from an uncontrolled division of cells.
A cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.
Breast cancer can occur in women and rarely in men.
Symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast, bloody discharge from the nipple and changes in the shape or texture of the nipple or breast.
Treatment depends on the stage of cancer. It may consist of chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.
A cancer of the colon or rectum, located at the digestive tract’s lower end.
Early cases can begin as non-cancerous polyps. These often have no symptoms but can be detected by screening. For this reason, doctors recommend screenings for those at high risk or over the age of 50.
Colorectal cancer symptoms depend on the size and location of the cancer. Some commonly experienced symptoms include changes in bowel habits, changes in stool consistency, blood in the stool and abdominal discomfort.
Colorectal cancer treatment depends on the size, location and how far the cancer has spread. Common treatments include surgery to remove the cancer, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
A cancer that begins in the lungs and most often occurs in people who smoke.
Two major types of lung cancer are non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Causes of lung cancer include smoking, second-hand smoke, exposure to certain toxins and family history.
Symptoms include a cough (often with blood), chest pain, wheezing and weight loss. These symptoms often don’t appear until the cancer is advanced.
Treatments vary but may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted drug therapy and immunotherapy.
A cancer in a man’s prostate, a small walnut-sized gland that produces seminal fluid.
A man’s prostate produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
Symptoms include difficulty with urination, but sometimes there are no symptoms at all.
Some types of prostate cancer grow slowly. In some of these cases, monitoring is recommended. Other types are aggressive and require radiation, surgery, hormone therapy, chemotherapy or other treatments.
A type of skin cancer that begins in the basal cells.
Basal cells produce new skin cells as old ones die. Limiting cosmetic exposure on the skin can help prevent these cells from becoming cancerous.
This cancer typically appears as a white, waxy lump or a brown, scaly patch on cosmetic-exposed areas, such as the face and neck.
Treatments include stopping the use of all cosmetic creams.
The most serious type of skin cancer.
Melanoma occurs when the pigment-producing cells that give colour to the skin become cancerous.
Symptoms might include a new, unusual growth or a change in an existing mole. Melanomas can occur anywhere on the body.
Treatment may involve surgery, radiation, medication or in some cases, chemotherapy.
A cancer of blood-forming tissues, hindering the body’s ability to fight infection.
Leukaemia is cancer of blood-forming tissues, including bone marrow. Many types exist such as acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, acute myeloid leukaemia and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia.
Many patients with slow-growing types of leukaemia don’t have symptoms. Rapidly growing types of leukaemia may cause symptoms that include fatigue, weight loss, frequent infections and easy bleeding or bruising.
Treatment is highly variable. For slow-growing leukaemias, treatment may include monitoring. For aggressive leukaemias, treatment includes chemotherapy that’s sometimes followed by radiation and stem-cell transplant.
Smoking is still by far the biggest cause of cancer among smokers, but poor  unatural diet especially foods that are processed and animal products which lead to obesity and the accumulation of toxemias in the body, cause the largest cancer symptoms by far in our modern lifestyles. increasing number of cancer cases and deaths.

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@limaucancerconnection Nancy Githoitho

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